Justin’s note: Longtime readers know what Doug Casey thinks of nation states. He says they’ve mostly been an “inefficient, counterproductive, and expensive nuisance” and a “testimony to how thoughtless the average person is.” If you haven’t yet, make sure to check out our interview on this subject (see here and here).

In today’s essay, Doug predicts what will happen to nation states over the next couple of generations… and what could ultimately replace them…

By Doug Casey, founder, Casey Research

Science fiction has always offered both a more accurate and more timely look at the future than any think tank. For one thing, a good book is the product of a genius, not a committee of suits trying to reach a consensus. And a format of fiction allows one to speculate in ways that a “serious person” can’t do in nonfiction.

Every educated person should have read the classics by Jules Verne, Robert Heinlein, Isaac Asimov, and Arthur C. Clarke, among others. Add Neal Stephenson to that list. I’ve been a fan of Stephenson’s novel The Diamond Age since it was published in 1995. I strongly recommend you read the book.

There are many themes in The Diamond Age, which refers to a near-term future (I’ll guess around 2050) when nanotechnology has transformed much of life. Although not nearly as radically as I believe will actually be the case. (See my essays on the future here and here.)

But one theme in the book is quite a breakthrough, and spot-on. It posits the creation of “phyles” as the major form of social and political organization. The word comes from the same root as phylum, from the Greek, meaning “tribe” or “clan.” But I think it’s also a pun on the word “filial,” with its connotations of family.

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The book posits, I believe correctly, that in the near future most nation states will have broken down. Many will have ceased to exist. It’s quite logical, because they’re a dysfunctional way for people to organize. And it’s happening right before our eyes. None of the countries in the Middle East, Africa, or Central Asia have any coherence. They’re just the result of some ruler’s military prowess, or some politicians drawing lines on a distant map. Nation states themselves have really only been around since the 17th century. Before that, people weren’t loyal to a country; they were loyal to a chief, a king, or an emperor.

Loyalty to a country can make some sense, on at least a primitive atavistic level, as long as the inhabitants of the “country” share a common language, religion, ethnicity, and customs. But it makes no sense when they have little in common. So it’s natural, and salubrious, for the various religious, ethnic, racial, cultural, or economic groups within a country that’s become too big, too “diverse,” and too “inclusive,” to want to get out. Everyone recognizes – even if they don’t say it – that a national government is just a vehicle for theft, benefiting the group that controls it.

As the world becomes more educated, the average man becomes more acutely aware of that fact. And as jet travel and the internet become universal, people start to realize they might have almost nothing in common with their so-called “countrymen.” And a lot more in common with people who may be on the other side of the globe, many of whom will feel the same way about their own countrymen.

I can tell you that I have much more in common with friends in the Congo or China than I do with my fellow Americans living down the road from me in a trailer park. I have nothing in common with them. These people not only aren’t my friends, they’re liabilities. And may turn into active enemies under the right circumstances. I’d rather associate with people with whom I share common values and interests, not just the same government ID.

In any event, almost all the world’s nation states are terminally burdened with debt, taxes, regulations and increasingly, strife between groups fighting for either a teat on the milk cow or political power. The nation state is a dinosaur; it no longer makes sense in a world with today’s technology and demographics.

This explains what we’ve seen in the last generation: the breakup of states. The USSR into 15 components. Yugoslavia into six. Czechoslovakia into two. Sudan into two. This is just the opening round. Most European countries have secessionist movements. Russia should eventually break up into a dozen new states. China into at least a half-dozen. Brazil into at least two. Bolivia into at least two, etc., etc.

Military Violence and Terror

In fact, the primary reason that’s given for the very existence of the nation state is to defend its inhabitants. But, with the changing nature of warfare, that’s one of the things it’s least able to do. Can it defend against a nuclear attack? No. At best it can just threaten to counterattack.

In fact, a country with a big military stationed all over the world, not only can’t defend its citizens, but actually draws in attacks by making enemies among the natives in far off places. In the past, it didn’t matter – the natives were immobile and powerless. Today they can go anywhere and access a wide variety of weapons.

In fact, governments are so united against “terrorism” because it’s not just a very effective tactic against the nation state – it really can only be used against the nation state. Governments couldn’t care less about the few hundreds of people that might be killed in a terror attack. They care because it threatens their existence.

In today’s world, nation states are no longer the big risk to other nation states. Rather, it’s groups like ISIS and al Qaeda that are a much bigger threat. They can’t be destroyed by dropping a nuke on their cities; they don’t have cities. They can be everywhere and anywhere. But they can easily attack the cities of their enemy. And those are just well-known Islamic threats. There will likely be many others of many varieties, on templates as different as the Red Army Faction, Aum Shinrikyo, or FARC.

The safest way to avoid attack in the age of cheap and easily available atomic, biological, and chemical weapons is to be dispersed. At least not to be part of a geographic nation state. From a military point of view a nation is about as viable as cavalry before WW1 or battleships during WW2.

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Not being part of a nation state ameliorates a lot of problems for a person, but it’s not a total solution. What The Diamond Age posits, and I think is going to happen, is that people will form phyles, joining in an alliance according to what’s most important to them. Or the way they “self-identify,” to use a currently fashionable term. Jews famously stick together relative to the goyim. That’s one reason at least part of Israel (likely excluding the Hasidim and Palestinians) will survive as a nation. One reason Mormons are so successful is that they favor each other, like the Jews. Muslims (although rarely economically successful, for other cultural reasons) definitely do the same. Birds of a feather (all the outraged hysteria about racism notwithstanding) do, in fact, tend to flock together.

So here’s my prediction of what’s going to happen over the next couple of generations. Many nation states will simply collapse or disappear. Incidentally, I don’t think the U.S. will be a survivor. The country used to share a common culture, albeit with quaint regional variations. That’s no longer the case. The election of Trump has crystalized long-simmering, and growing antagonisms. It’s not that Americans just have a political difference of opinion. It now boils down to mutual cultural hatred, and on a visceral level. It’s only been exacerbated by the push for “multiculturalism,” always a stupid and destructive concept, from the usual suspects.

Take California, the Left Coast, for instance. Even now some of them are talking about divorcing themselves from hated Flyover Country. But even California makes no sense as a political entity. What does the Mexican population have in common with Silicon Valley? Nothing. What do the hippies in Humboldt County have in common with the Los Angelenos? Nothing. What do farmers in the Central Valley have in common with anybody else in the state? Nothing.

Incidentally, we can break down Canada and Mexico the same way. Much smaller entities within these (and all other) countries would be much more viable. But still anachronistic. And suboptimal.

So what will happen? Everywhere people will reorganize for mutual support, defense, insurance, companionship, and everything else. But it won’t have much to do with politics as we now know it. They’ll form phyles.

An outrageous concept, I know. Now you see why radical ideas are best presented in the form of novels.


Doug Casey
Founder, Casey Research

Reader Mailbag

Our inbox is still overflowing from the controversial nature of last week’s two-part interview, “Doug Casey and E.B. Tucker on the Climate Change Hoax.” (Check out part one and part two to get in on the debate)…

Climate change is not a matter of “opinion.” Polar ice caps are melting; we have pictures! Temperatures and oceans are rising, we have the numbers for you to look at! More to the point: if I can’t count on you morons to pay attention to simple pictures and numbers, why in God’s name would I trust you with my retirement funds? Don’t worry about me, though; there are plenty of rubes out there just begging to be fleeced!

– Brett

Hi Casey Team, good article debunking AGW. Kind regards.

– Kevin

This is not only pure bull but also very dangerous rhetoric to be promoting. Climate change is real and if we don’t take some drastic measures very soon, everyone will suffer!

– Edith

Why is no one talking about magnetic reversals? There are several books out that talk about weather changes, earthquakes, volcano eruptions, skylights and earth-booms that are all products of electromagnetic forces which accompany magnetic reversals. You must have heard and/or read that we are in the process of entering one of these magnetic reversals now, which does take several years.

I’ve heard of it mentioned (and you may have too) for several years now, but the frequency of many of these things happening now sounds as if we’re coming closer to the reversal time. I don’t think the skylights or booms are mysterious, just part of the Earth’s normal cycles and reversals. Which we really don’t have to like – just understand. And it appears some people are parlaying it to a money-making advantage.

Only they’ve got their temperatures mixed. I think they’d be more believable if they promoted cooling, and not warming.

– Beth

Great article about the climate change hoax. Al Gore had it all wrong. He reversed the cause and effect. Higher temperatures cause the CO2 to come out of the water and CO2 does not cause the temperature to rise.

– David

I don’t really want to rain on anyone’s parade out there, but the fact is Mother Nature pollutes the Earth and its atmosphere much more than people and their machines pollute or could even conceive of polluting the Earth.

Yeah that’s right, old Mother Nature has been front and center polluting the planet every single day long before man and his machines came into the pollution picture. The fact is, Mother Nature has been polluting the Earth since time began, and she has been the winner of the pollution race, lock stock and barrel since the beginning of time.

In fact, Mother Nature pollutes the world so much, man and his machines are a minuscule racer compared to her, no competition. Man and his machines pollute an insignificant percentage so small that it becomes irrelevant in the scheme of a polluting body. Bottom line, the hoax about man and his machines polluting the planet is pure and simple hogwash!

Father Nature,

– Albert

Get in on our climate change debate at [email protected].