In an interview with Louis James, world traveler and legendary speculator Doug Casey makes a compelling case for becoming a "permanent tourist" to be best able to survive the coming economic crash.
Louis James: So Doug, you're off to FreedomFest 2012 shortly, where people will be able to hear your latest thoughts on many subjects. Maybe you can give us a sneak preview on whatever is uppermost on your mind today.
Doug: FreedomFest should be especially outrageous, since I'll be tag-teaming with my friend Jeff Berwick of the Dollar Vigilante for a featured lunch. I'm not sure exactly what topics we're going to discuss, but I hope we aren't prosecuted for breaking too many federal, state, and local statutes at one sitting.
Anyway, lately I've been thinking about the EU's rising tide of troubles. We talked about this last January, when I said it was coming, but it seems to me that at this point it's rapidly coming to a head. A major financial and economic catastrophe in Europe is unavoidable. From there, it's likely to spread out to the whole world.
L: I fear you're right, but the latest headlines have it that the EU bigwigs are taking measures to make it easier for Greece's new pro-bailout government to honor its austerity obligations. Doesn't that mean the EU has dodged the bullet for now?
Doug: As far as I can tell, they're doing absolutely nothing except print up more currency, in hope that will move the problem further into the future, when a deus ex machina device will magically appear.
I haven't seen any hard numbers published as to exactly what Greece has to cut to meet its EU-imposed austerity obligations, nor how that fits into Greek budgetary realities. But, as usual with popular reporting, the terms used are inaccurate, which makes clear thinking impossible. These idiots aren't even capable of framing the problem, much less solving it.
First of all, it's not "Greece" we're talking about, but the Greek government. It's the Greek government that's made the laws that got people used to pensions for retirement at age 55. It's the Greek government that's built up a giant and highly paid bureaucracy that just sits around when it's not actively gumming up the economy. It's the Greek government that's saddled the country with onerous taxes and regulations that make most business more trouble than it's worth. It's the Greek government that borrowed billions that the citizens are arguably responsible for. It's the Greek government that's set the legal and moral tone for the pickle the place is in.
Second, the term "austerity" is used very loosely by the talking heads on TV. It sounds bad, even though it just means living within one's means… or, for Europeans, not too insanely above them. But who knows what's actually included or excluded from what the EU leaders think of as austerity? Take the Greek pension funds, for example: exactly how are they funded? I'd expect that private companies make payments to a state fund, as Americans do via the Social Security program. I suspect there's no money in the coffers; it's all been frittered on high living and socialist boondoggles. Tough luck for pensioners. Maybe they can convince the Chinese to give them money to keep living high off the hog…
L: Social Security. Now there's a misnomer. No one I know my age or younger actually expects to ever get a penny of that money back.
Doug: Yes, my generation, the Boomers, will have totally looted what little viability is left in it by the time you never get your check. Sorry, Lobo. It was our supposed "Greatest Generation," however – who are mostly gone now – who really got a cushy ride. But the point at the moment is that just because the Greeks voted – basically to stay in the EU in hopes of economic benefits outweighing the pain of whatever the austerity requirements are – that doesn't mean they'll actually be able to deliver. Once the new half-measures begin to bite, I expect to see more angry mobs back out on the streets. These people have become so corrupt that they think the government is some kind of a magic cornucopia, when first and foremost it's really just a vehicle for institutionalized theft.
And it's not just austerity, and it's not just Greece, nor even Spain, which has formally asked for a bailout. All of these European economies are rigidly regulated: first, by their national governments; and then, even worse, by this extra layer of unbelievably oppressive regulation from Brussels. I understand there are some 30,000 people working for the EU, making new rules and regulations like an army of spiders, spinning their webs, sucking the life out of their victims. None of these rules are constructive. They're a waste of time at best, and most are actively destructive – like for instance, the EU rules telling the French how to make cheese.
I was reading in David Galland's report from Portugal last Friday that the EU forced the Portuguese to destroy half of their fishing fleet. Not because there was anything bad, dangerous, or wrong with the boats, but because they were too good and the Portuguese were too successful as competitors; it's life imitating Atlas Shrugged. He also said that most of the oranges grown in Portugal are either thrown in the trash or trucked to Spain, where they can't be eaten but must be made into marmalade, which is then sent back to be sold to the Portuguese. Apparently about half of the chickens in Portugal are about to be executed – just killed, not eaten – because they were raised in conditions the EU doesn't consider appropriate. The list goes on and on, and the madness is happening all over Europe.
The proposed austerity measures will change absolutely nothing important; at best they'll just lengthen the economic agony. Instead of austerity programs, cutting back marginally on the salaries of public employees and national pensions, all these hordes of Eurocrats should be summarily fired, and their agencies totally abolished. The markets should be liberated.
And individuals should plan for their own retirements. They should behave like adults, not children who spend today with no thought for tomorrow, as state-sponsored retirement benefits encourage them to do.
L: Excessive regulation and disincentives to production created by government intervention in the economy. Can you give us some examples of this happening and what the consequences are?
Doug: The classic example is the Roman Empire after it passed through its time of troubles in the third century. After 50 years of utter chaos, constant crisis, and recurring civil wars, Diocletian gripped it in a stranglehold, regulating everything from top to bottom. I suppose, given a choice between chaotic violence and a police state, people will opt for the latter – as if there are no other alternatives. He instituted all manner of price controls and "people controls," including forcing sons to take up their father's occupations. The ultimate collapse of Rome and the success of the barbarian invasions wasn't due to superior barbarian military technology or tactics, but Roman economic collapse. Romans were actually deserting the empire to live among the so-called "barbarians," where they could both be free and prosperous. History is repeating itself.
L: That's pretty dramatic, Doug. You think Europe is in a similar death spiral now?
Doug: Yes. Those governments are all bankrupt. But much more serious than financial bankruptcy is their total moral and intellectual bankruptcy. At this point the Europeans are so craven and degraded they deserve to be indentured servants of the Chinese, which they will be. The debt they are using to finance their bulging bureaucracies, bloated welfare rolls, giant pensions, and so forth is largely coming from the banks. But the banks are all bankrupt too, partly because they've lent so much capital to bankrupt governments. So you've got two sets of bankrupt institutions trading debt back and forth between themselves. It doesn't help to say that it's the PIIGS that are in the worst shape, because it's the banks in the supposedly wealthier countries that own the PIIGS's debt. They are all tied together.
It's much worse, on a global scale, because Europe is China's largest trading partner. When the EU really goes into reverse and suffers a major economic collapse, the Chinese are going to lose their main customers – and end up owning a lot of chateaux. That also means the Chinese will stop buying the raw materials – commodities – they use to make what they sell to the Europeans. That will hammer the Australian, Brazilian, Canadian, and other resource-driven economies.
And the problems with Japan are even worse, though somewhat different, than the ones in Europe. Chronically corrupt and now depopulating Russia is headed for a fall; its economy produces nothing but raw materials and weapons. The problem is truly global. The headlines keep pointing at Europe right now, but the EU is just the tip of the iceberg the global economy is aimed at.
L: In this context, it's not encouraging that the French have not only elected a socialist president, but a socialist parliament. I'd be fighting severe nausea right now if I were a French taxpayer.
Doug: And France is not one of the PIIGS on the periphery, but one of the two big countries at the core of the EU. I don't understand how anyone can conduct a profitable business in France today. It seems heroic to me, if anyone can do it, but it's getting just about impossible. And now France is going to slide a couple standard deviations further to the left. If I were a Frenchman with any money, I would get my money and myself out of France – tomorrow morning.
L: I read somewhere that Cameron in the UK announced that French people with money were welcome in the UK.
Doug: I heard that too. But if I were a Brit, I'd also liquidate my assets and get out; there's no reason to believe the situation is any better in Britain. It's just not currently in the news. These governments are completely out of control, forces unto themselves, and they view their populations as milk cows. Governments all over the world are following Diocletian's example.
L: If it's happening all over the world, what's the point of packing up and leaving?
Doug: Well, there really is almost no place you can run, no one place where it's reasonably safe to be a citizen these days. We're heading toward a time like in the book, Atlas Shrugged, when the productive people in society are just going to stop producing. Why should anyone work hard to create value when a substantial portion of that value will get diverted into fighting off regulators and other government goons, only to have half of what you do make seized to pay for those very same thugs?
L: Are you telling all the Atlases out there that it's time to shrug?
Doug: I think so, on a moral basis. I'm sick and tired of supporting my oppressors. It makes me feel like dissipating my capital on high living, simply because that will deny it to the state. It's perverse, how they've structured society with incentives to be a consumer, not a producer. Why save, when it's likely your savings will be stolen?
L: Well… I guess that explains why you're building a house in a beautiful but rural corner of Argentina. You're on strike, no longer wanting to be your brother's financial keeper. But Argentina's government is just as scary as any other.
Doug: Yes, but that's why I'm an Uruguayan resident, have my bank accounts in various jurisdictions other than Argentina – or the US, for that matter – and I'm also working on becoming a Paraguayan taxpayer.
L: But Paraguay doesn't have a personal income tax…
Doug: Exactly. And this is my message to the Hank Reardens of the world: become a "permanent tourist." There's no such thing as a real tax haven anymore – even Swiss bank accounts, if you can get one, are not what they used to be. You ask what the point is of leaving when all governments look at their subjects as milk cows? Well, a tourist is an honored guest who spends money in the local economy; he's welcome and largely left alone. No one place is perfect – certainly not Argentina – but if you distribute your life across various jurisdictions, none of them consider you to be their cow. I simply prefer Argentina as a place to spend most of my time. Other countries are to be used for different things for different reasons.
L: So where's the least-bad place to have your corporate office these days?
Doug: I think you've got to look at Singapore. Hong Kong is still very good. Dubai offers some advantages in that part of the world. Other than that, you've got to go to a place where the government is small and incompetent.
L: Hence your interest in Paraguay.
Doug: Exactly. But that's not a place I'd actually want to live; it's a backwater, with little more than farms and a capital that's like a small Midwestern city with colonial architecture in the center. The weather is unbearably hot during the summer. I also have to caution readers that the OECD is pressuring Paraguay to adopt a personal income tax – though none has yet been implemented, and it's currently a good place to be a taxpayer.
L: The US is still an economic powerhouse and a place where a lot of people make a lot of money…
Doug: Yes, it's shocking to me, though, how the US has gone downhill. In past decades, if anyone wanted to set up a business, the US would almost certainly have been the best place to do so. But it has become less and less so over the years. Now it's just asking for trouble. But everything is relative. I'd advise anyone with capital to deploy it elsewhere, not in the US, because it has just become too dangerous, financially and morally. But if I had nothing, if I were a landless serf struggling to live in Nigeria or Burma or Venezuela, sure, I'd try to make it to the US. Bad as it's getting, it's vastly better than where they come from – and will likely be for years.
The fact that there are some 50 million people relying on food stamps these days – about one in six US citizens gets money for food – just goes to show how bad things are getting. And worse, government agencies are trying to get more people on to these programs, instead of helping them to stand on their own two feet. According to a Wall Street Journal article I was reading the other day, Republicans and Democrats alike have blocked reform of the food stamp program, even minimal and sensible reforms like means testing. The program is projected to spend more than $700 billion over the next ten years.
L: Gee, Doug: doom and gloom and dark despair. But that's not a new tune for you. Let's suppose that your analysis is essentially correct; what makes you think that the pot's about to boil over? How can we know that this is not just more grumbling from a permabear?
Doug: Well, it's true: "inevitable" is not the same thing as "imminent." When people see that something is inevitable – and I'm guilty of this mistake myself – they tend to believe those things are also imminent, even when that's not so. But the inevitable is inevitable, and that means it must happen. We usually can't predict exactly when – and such things often take far longer to arrive than we imagine they possibly can – but once things to start unravel, they tend to accelerate quickly. The crisis seems far off for a long period of time, and then suddenly it's upon us.
It's much like the ground rush effect when you're sky diving. When you first exit the plane, typically at around 7,500 feet for a 30-second free-fall, it seems like you could fall forever. That's partly because it takes 5 or 10 seconds to reach terminal velocity and partly because of the way geometry plays with your visual perception. At around 2,500 feet, though, you can see the ride is coming to an end. By 2,000 feet, you don't need to look at your altimeter to figure when to pull, because you're feeling urgent ground rush. Europe is under 1,000 feet, and even if they do pull the ripcord, they'll find there's no chute… just a bunch of dirty laundry their economists packed as a joke. It's pointless to talk about anything but a very, very hard landing. Unfortunately, when we're talking about the economy, the analogy breaks down a bit. That's because you actually don't need a parachute to go sky diving. You only need one to go sky diving twice.
Doug: Let me change the metaphor. Europe is in hot water. One of the things that has me thinking the water in the pot might hit its boiling point this summer is that people generally prefer to riot in the summer… for all kinds of reasons. Feeling ripped off by "the system" is a really big one. Take the bank runs in Greece – to the tune of a billion dollars a day. If I were a resident of any European country, I'd definitely run to the bank and get cash. Sure, it's just paper, but that's better than nothing if the bank fails and governments don't bail it out quickly enough.
Even the US has seen many bank failures since 2008, but the FDIC and the Fed always paper it over. And yet, more and more people are recognizing that the system rests on nothing more than confidence. More and more people are going to physical cash in their physical possession all over the world. Most people don't have a lot of financial sophistication, but they read enough and see enough, and have enough sense to be scared. When that's the case, they'd rather have more cash in their pockets or mattresses than they would normally. That's because money left in banks can become suddenly inaccessible if there's a problem with the banking system, or if the government declares a bank holiday, or if the government just takes it, alleging tax evasion or money "laundering"…
Note to those living in the US: this can happen to you, too. I'd definitely recommend building up a stash of twenties and hundreds, enough for several months' living expenses, in case banks suddenly don't have cash on hand. Better yet, put it in gold and silver, because you never know what the banks will give you when push comes to shove – or if anyone will accept what the banks give you in exchange for goods and services you need … especially if Bernanke dumps too many hundred-dollar bills from helicopters. All these paper currencies are rapidly headed for their intrinsic values. And when they reach them, billions of people all over the world are going to feel very, very pissed off – and basically at the same time.
During the last Argentine crisis, some people thought they were being smart, keeping their savings in dollars in banks. Well, the government declared a bank holiday, and when the banks opened, their dollars were converted to pesos – and devalued by about 75% to boot. Essentially the same thing happened in the US when Roosevelt devalued the dollar.
L: So… the short version would be that what's inevitable may or may not be that imminent, but on such matters, it's better to be a year early than a day late?
Doug: That's exactly right. And I really do think we're getting close to the edge of the precipice.
You know, people can read this and just view it as entertainment, or dismiss it as just another opinion. But it's like the old oak that was there for a hundred years and looked like it would last another hundred years, but fell suddenly in a storm. Only then did we see that it was hollow and had long been close to collapse. That's where the world's financial situation is: it's rotten to the core because of fractional reserve banking and fiat currencies, and totally corrupt because of state intervention in the marketplace.
L: I remember how we – people who understood market economics – all knew the Soviet Union had to collapse from its internal contradictions and economically self-destructive policies. But we didn't know how long it could last, and sometimes it seemed like it would be forever. But then when it came unglued, it fell apart with breathtaking speed.
Doug: Just so. But when the Soviet bloc collapsed, at least the West was there to help them out. Who's going to bail out the West? A giant reset button will get pushed, with unpredictable results. Personally, I am buying more gold every month. I anticipate a genuine world-class and world-spanning crisis. And it wouldn't just be financial and economic; everything will be in turmoil – society, the military, culture, education, art, science – everything. Really interesting times are coming up here. But on the bright side, I have a low threshold of boredom. I admit I'm something of both an adrenalin and an entertainment junkie.
L: Right. But for those of us still working to amass the kind of capital it takes to be able to regard a global calamity as an adrenalin rush, it should be noted that this crisis will bring loads of opportunities to those who see it coming and prepare.
Doug: Word to the wise. More on that in future conversations.
L: And our newsletters, of course.
Doug: Of course. The markets are going to be full of great speculations for the next few years. And, eventually, some great investments as well. I trust that by now our readers know the difference.
When an event becomes inevitable, the only thing left to do is prepare oneself for it. With the stock markets teetering recently and precious metals prices fluctuating, many investors have parked capital in CDs and other bank accounts, thinking that's the safest place for their money for now. That is a grave mistake. As the ancient saying –one Doug fully agrees with – goes, "Fortune favors the bold." These shifting trends can be played for outsized gains... and you can be in on it.